"AS adalah mitra dagang kami, tetangga kita, sekutu kami dan teman kita ... dan kadang-kadang kita ingin memberi mereka menampar seperti itu!" - Rick Mercer...
Juventus Football Club (from Latin iuventus: youth, pronounced [juˈvɛntus]), commonly referred to as simply Juventus or Juve, is a football club from Turin, Italy. With the exception of one season, the club has spent its entire history in the top flight of Italian football. After winning Serie B, the Torinese side was promoted back to Serie A for the 2007–08 season.
Juventus is the most successful team in the history of Italian football. Overall, the club have won 51 official trophies, more than any other Italian team; 40 in Italy, which is also a record, and 11 in European and world competitions. The Old Lady is the third most successful club in Europe and the sixth in the world with the most international titles officially recognised by one of the six continental football confederations and FIFA.
In 1985, Juventus, the only team in the world to have won all official international cups and championships (which includes all official European competitions and the Intercontinental Champions Clubs' Cup), became the first club in the history of European football to have won all three major UEFA competitions. The club, owned by the Agnelli family since the 1920s, was a founding member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europe's leading football clubs and its replacement, the European Club Association.
At present, the Italian side play their home games at the Stadio Olimpico di Torino while the stadium which the club actually owns, Stadio delle Alpi is undergoing long-term structural changes and will not be completed for use until at least 2009.
1.1 League dominance
1.2 European stage
1.3 The Lippi era
1.4 Recent times
2 Colours, badge and nicknames
3 Supporters and rivalries
4.1 Current squad
4.2 Notable players
5 Presidential history
6 Managerial history
7.1 National titles
7.2 European titles
7.3 World-wide titles
8 Club statistics and records
9 Contribution to the Italian national team
10 Juventus Football Club as a company
10.1 Shirt sponsors and manufacturers
11 See also
13 External links
For more information on this topic, see History of Juventus F.C.
Historic first ever Juventus club shot in 1898.Juventus were founded as Sport Club Juventus in late 1897 by pupils from the Massimo D'Azeglio Lyceum school in Turin, but were renamed as Football Club Juventus two years later. The club joined the Italian Football Championship during 1900, wearing their original pink and black kit. Juventus first won the league championship in 1905 while playing at their Velodromo Umberto I ground and wearing their famous black and white stripes.
There was a split at the club in 1906, after some of the staff considered moving Juve out of Turin. President Alfredo Dick was unhappy with this and left with some prominent players to found FBC Torino which in turn spawned the Derby della Mole. Juventus spent much of this period steadily rebuilding after the split, surviving the First World War.
Fiat owner Edoardo Agnelli gained control of the club in 1923, building a new stadium. This helped the club to their second league championship by the 1925–26 season beating Alba Roma with an aggregate score of 12–1, Antonio Vojak's goals were essential that season. The 1930s proved to be even more fruitful, the club won five consecutive league titles from 1930 through to 1935, most were under coach Carlo Carcano with star players such as Raimundo Orsi, Luigi Bertolini, Giovanni Ferrari and Luis Monti amongst others.
Juventus had a new ground in the form of the Stadio Comunale, though for the rest of the 1930s and the majority of the 1940s they were unable to recapture championship dominance. After the Second World War, Gianni Agnelli was put in place as honorary president. The club added two more scudetto championship's to their name in the 1949–50 and 1951–52 seasons, the latter of which was under the management of Englishman Jesse Carver.
First club to win ten Italian Championships.Two new strikers were signed during 1957–58, in the form of Welshman John Charles and Italo-Argentine Omar Sivori, playing alongside longtime member Giampiero Boniperti. That season saw Juventus awarded with the Golden Star for Sport Excellence to wear on their shirt after becoming the first Italian side to win ten league titles. In the same season, Omar Sivori became the first ever player at the club to win the European Footballer of the Year. The following season they beat Fiorentina to complete their first league and cup double, winning Serie A and Coppa Italia. Boniperti retired in 1961, he retired as the all-time top scorer at the club, with 182 goals in all competitions; a club record which would last for 45 years.
For the rest of the decade the club won the league just once more in 1966–67, However, the 1970s would see Juventus further solidify their strong position in Italian football. Under former player Čestmír Vycpálek they won the scudetto in 1971–72 and 1972–73, with players such as Roberto Bettega, Franco Causio and José Altafini breaking through. During the rest of the decade they won the league two more times, with defender Gaetano Scirea contributing significantly. The latter of which was won under Giovanni Trapattoni, the man who would help the club's domination continue on in the early part of the 1980s.
Michel Platini holding aloft the Ballon d'Or in bianconeri colours.The Trapattoni-era was highly successful in the 1980s, the Old Lady started the decade off well, winning the league title three more times by 1984. This meant Juventus had won 20 Italian league titles and were allowed to add a second golden star to their shirt, thus becoming the only Italian club to achieve this. Around this time the club's players were garnering attention on a large scale; Paolo Rossi was made European Footballer of the Year and had led Italy to victory in the 1982 FIFA World Cup.
Frenchman Michel Platini was also awarded the European Footballer of the Year title for three years in a row; 1983, 1984 and 1985, which is a record. Juventus are the only club to have players from their club winning the award in four consecutive years. Indeed it was Platini who scored the winning goal in the 1985 European Cup final against Liverpool, however this was marred by a tragedy which would change European football; the Heysel Stadium disaster, in which 39 people (mostly Juventus fans) were killed by the stadium collapsing, it has been named "the darkest hour in the history of the UEFA competitions."
With the exception of winning the closely contested Italian Championship of 1985–86, the rest of the 1980s were not very successful for the club. As well as having to content with Diego Maradona's Napoli, both of the Milanese clubs Milan and Inter won Italian championships. In 1990, Juventus moved into their new home; Stadio delle Alpi which was built for the 1990 World Cup.
The Lippi era
Marcello Lippi took over as Juventus manager at the start of the 1994–95 campaign. His first season at the helm of the club was a successful one, as Juventus recorded their first Serie A championship title since the mid-1980s. The crop of players during this period featured Ciro Ferrara, Roberto Baggio, Gianluca Vialli and a young Alessandro Del Piero. Lippi lead Juventus to the Champions League the following season, beating Ajax on penalties after a 1–1 draw in which Fabrizio Ravanelli scored for Juve.
The club did not rest long after winning the European Cup, more highly regarded players were brought into the fold in the form of Zinédine Zidane, Filippo Inzaghi and Edgar Davids. At home Juventus won Serie A in 1996–97 and 1997–98, as well as the European Super Cup. Juventus reached the 1997 and 1998 Champions League finals during this period, but lost out to Borussia Dortmund and Real Madrid respectively.
After leaving for a brief season, Lippi returned, signing big name players such as Gianluigi Buffon, David Trézéguet, Pavel Nedvěd and Lilian Thuram, helping the team to two more scudetto titles in the 2001–02 and 2002–03 seasons. Juventus were also part of an all Italian Champions League final in 2003 but lost out to AC Milan on penalties after the game ended in a 0–0 draw. The following year, Lippi was appointed as Italy's head coach, bringing an end to one of the most fruitful managerial spells in Juventus' history.
Fabio Capello became manager of Juventus in 2004, and lead Juventus to two more Serie A titles. But during May 2006, Juventus were one of four clubs linked to a Serie A match fixing scandal, the result of the scandal saw the club relegated to Serie B for the first time in their history, as well as being stripped of the two titles won under Capello.
Many key players were sold, however, other big name players remained to help the club return to Serie A. The season was notable because Alessandro Del Piero broke club records, by becoming the first Juventus player to appear 500 times in all competitions for the club. The bianconeri were promoted straight back up as league winners after the 2006–07 season. For their return to Serie A in the 2007–08 season former Chelsea manager Claudio Ranieri is at the helm of the Old Lady.
In more recent news, as of Sunday, February 24th, 2008, Juventus have written an open letter to the FIGC and Referees’ Association demanding action to stop the club being “made to pay” for Calciopoli. The Bianconeri were furious after a controversial 2-1 defeat at Reggina, in which there were two clear penalties not awarded before a stoppage-time spot-kick gave the Amaranto the win. Now they have taken further action by writing an open letter to the Federation and the AIA – Referees’ Association – signed by President Giovanni Cobolli Gigli and general manager Jean-Claude Blanc. Oddly enough, this was the first time this season that referee Paolo Dondarini had been assigned to officiate a Juventus match, as he was one of the figures accused – and cleared – in the trial last year.
Juventus' original home colours .
Juventus have played in black and white striped shirts, with white shorts, sometimes black shorts since 1903. Originally, they played in pink shirts with a black tie, which only occurred due to the wrong shirts being sent to them, the father of one of the players made the earliest shirts, but continual washing faded the colour so much that in 1903 the club sought to replace them.
Juventus asked one of their team members, Englishman John Savage, if he had any contacts in England who could supply new shirts in a colour that would better withstand the elements. He had a friend who lived in Nottingham, who being a Notts County supporter, shipped out the black and white striped shirts to Turin.
“ Juve have worn the shirts ever since, considering the colours to be aggressive and powerful.”
Juventus' current third kit.
Juventus Football Club’s official emblem has undergone different and small modifications since the second decade of twentieth century. The last modification of the Old Lady’s badge took place before 2004–05 season. At the present time, the emblem of the team is conformed to a black-and-white oval shield; a type of Italian shield specially used by ecclesiastics, it is divided in five vertical stripes: two white stripes and three black stripes, inside of this are the following elements; in its superior section, the name of the society superimposed a white convex section, over golden curvature (gold for honour). The white silhouette of a charging bull is in the inferior section of the oval shield, superimposed a black old French shield; the charging bull is a symbol of the Comune di Torino. There is also a black silhouette of a mural crown above the black spherical triangle’s base is a reminiscence to "Augusta Tourinorum", the old city of the Roman era which the present capital of Piedmont region is its cultural heiress.
Juventus F.C. crest in 2004In the past, the convex section of the emblem had a blue colour (another symbol of Turin) and, furthermore, its shape was concave. The old French shield and the mural crown, also in the inferior section of the emblem had, considerably, a greater size with respect to the present. The two Golden Stars for Sport Excellence were located above the convex & concave section of the Juventus’ emblem. During the 1980s, the club emblem was the silhouette of a zebra, to both sides of the equide’s head, the two golden stars and, above this badge, forming an arc, the clubs name.
During its history, the club has acquired a number of nicknames, la Vecchia Signora (the Old Lady) being the best example. The "old" part of the nickname is a pun on Juventus which means "youth" in Latin. It was derived from the age of the Juventus' star players towards the middle of 1930s. The "lady" part of the nickname is what fans of the club referred to it as affectionately prior to the 1930s. The club is also nicknamed la Fidanzata d'Italia (the Girlfriend of Italy), because over the years they have received a high level of support from Southern Italian immigrant workers (particularly from Naples and Palermo), who arrived in Turin to work for Fiat since the 1930s. Other nicknames include; i bianconeri (the black-and-whites) and le zebre (the zebras) in reference to Juventus' colours.
Supporters and rivalries
For more details on this topic, see Derby della Mole, Derby d'Italia and Juventus Ultras.
Juventus supporters during a match.Juventus is the most well supported football club in Italy with over 11 million fans (28% of Italian football fans), according to an August 2007 research by Italian newspaper La Repubblica, as well as one of the most supported football clubs in the world, with approximately 170 million supporters -43 million of them in Europe alone -, particularly in the Mediterranean countries, to which many Italians have emigrated. The Old Lady has fan clubs all over the world outside of Italy, from places as far apart as Canada, United States, Malta, San Marino, England, Iran, Greece, Israel, Vietnam, and many more.
Despite this strong support, attendances at Juventus home matches average about 35,000, much less than many other highly renowned European teams. Contrastingly, demand for Juventus tickets in occasional home games held away from Turin is high; suggesting that Juventus have stronger support in other parts of the country. Juve is widely and especially popular throughout Southern Italy, leading the team to have one of the largest followings in its away matches, more than in Turin itself.
Juventus ultras have good relationships with Piacenza, ADO Den Haag and Legia Warsaw fans and have several rivalries, two of which are highly significant. The first is with local club Torino, they compete in the Derby della Mole (Derby of Torino) together; this rivalry dates back to 1906 when Torino was founded by former Juve members. The other most significant rivalry is with Internazionale; matches between Juventus and Inter are referred to as the Derby d'Italia (Derby of Italy). Up until the 2006 Serie A match-fixing scandal, which saw Juventus relegated, the two were the only Italian clubs to have never played below Serie A. Notably the two sides are the most supported in Italy, the rivalry has intensified since the later part of the 1990s; it has reached its' highest levels ever, post-Calciopoli since Juventus returned to Serie A.
As of 17 January, 2008
No. Position Player
1 GK Gianluigi Buffon (vice captain)
2 DF Alessandro Birindelli (vice captain)
3 DF Giorgio Chiellini
5 DF Jonathan Zebina
6 MF Cristiano Zanetti
7 MF Hasan Salihamidžić
8 MF Mauro Camoranesi
9 FW Vincenzo Iaquinta
10 FW Alessandro Del Piero (captain)
11 MF Pavel Nedvěd
12 GK Emanuele Belardi
13 GK Jess Vanstrattan
14 DF Jorge Andrade
17 FW David Trézéguet
No. Position Player
20 FW Raffaele Palladino
21 DF Zdeněk Grygera
22 MF Mohamed Sissoko
23 MF Antonio Nocerino
25 DF Guglielmo Stendardo (on loan from Lazio)
28 DF Cristian Molinaro
30 MF Tiago
31 GK Cristiano Novembre
32 MF Marco Marchionni
33 DF Nicola Legrottaglie
34 MF Albin Ekdal
36 MF Luca Castiglia (from youth team)
For all transfers and loans pertaining to Juventus for the current season, please see; Juventus F.C. 2007–08 season
Main article: List of Juventus F.C. players
For a list of all former and current Juventus players with a Wikipedia article, see Category:Juventus F.C. players.
Juventus have had numerous presidents over the course of their history, some of which have been the owners of the club, others have been honorary presidents, here is a complete list of them:
Eugenio Canfari 1897–1898
Enrico Canfari 1898–1901
Carlo Favale 1901–1902
Giacomo Parvopassu 1903–1904
Alfredo Dick 1905–1906
Carlo Vittorio Varetti 1907–1910
Attilio Ubertalli 1911–1912
Giuseppe Hess 1913–1915
Fernando Nizza 1915–1918
Corrado Corradini 1919–1920
Gino Olivetti 1920–1923
Edoardo Agnelli 1923–1935
Giovanni Mazzonis 1935–1936
Emilio de la Forest de Divonne 1936–1941
Pietro Dusio 1941–1947
Giovanni Agnelli (Honorary president) 1947–1954
Marcello Giustiniani 1954–1955
Umberto Agnelli 1955–1962
Vittore Catella 1962–1971
Giampiero Boniperti (Honorary president) 1971–1990
Vittorio Caissotti di Chiusano 1990–2003
Franzo Grande Stevens (Honorary president) 2003–2006
Giovanni Cobolli Gigli 2006–present
Below is a list of Juventus managers from 1923 when the Agnelli family took over, until the present day.
Name Nationality Years
Jenő Károly 1923–1926
József Viola 1927–1929
George Aitken 1929–1930
Carlo Carcano 1930–1935
Virginio Rosetta 1935–1938
Umberto Caligaris 1938–1940
Federico Munerati 1940–1942
Felice Placido Borel 1942–1946
Renato Cesarini 1946–1947
William Chalmers 1948–1949
Jesse Carver 1949–1951
Luigi Bertolini 1951
György Sárosi 1951–1953
Aldo Olivieri 1953–1955
Sandro Puppo 1955–1957
Ljubiša Broćić 1957–1959
Teobaldo Depetrini 1959
Renato Cesarini 1959–1961
Carlo Parola 1961
Name Nationality Years
Carlo Parola 1961–1962
Paulo Lima Amaral 1962–1964
Eraldo Monzeglio 1964
Heriberto Herrera 1964–1969
Lùis Carniglia 1969–1970
Ercole Rabitti 1970
Armando Picchi 1970–1971
Čestmír Vycpálek 1971–1974
Carlo Parola 1974–1976
Giovanni Trapattoni 1976–1986
Rino Marchesi 1986–1988
Dino Zoff 1988–1990
Luigi Maifredi 1990–1991
Giovanni Trapattoni 1991–1994
Marcello Lippi 1994–1999
Carlo Ancelotti 1999–2001
Marcello Lippi 2001–2004
Fabio Capello 2004–2006
Didier Deschamps 2006–2007
Giancarlo Corradini 2007
Claudio Ranieri 2007–present
Main article: Juventus F.C. honours
Historically, Juventus is one of the most prestigious and successful football clubs in the world, having won a total of 51 official trophies: 40 in Italian tournaments and 11 in the international competitions, all recognized by Union of European Football Association and International Federation of Association Football.
The Old Lady has earned the distinction of being allowed to wear a two Golden Stars for Sport Excellence on its shirt representing the league’s victories of the bianconeri: the tenth, achieved during the 1957–58 season and the twentieth, in 1981–82 season. Juventus, the only football club in the world to have won all official international cups and championships, has received, in recognition to win the three major European club competitions as first case in the history of the European football, The UEFA Plaque by the Union of European Football Associations in 1987.
Serie A / Italian Football Championship: 27 (record).
Winners: 1905; 1925–26; 1930–31; 1931–32; 1932–33; 1933–34; 1934–35; 1949–50; 1951–52; 1957–58; 1959–60; 1960–61; 1966–67; 1971–72; 1972–73; 1974–75; 1976–77; 1977–78; 1980–81; 1981–82; 1983–84; 1985–86; 1994–95; 1996–97; 1997–98; 2001–02; 2002–03
Runners-up (19): 1903; 1904; 1906; 1937–38; 1945–46; 1946–47; 1952–53; 1953–54; 1962–63; 1973–74; 1975–76; 1979–80; 1982–83; 1986–87; 1991–92; 1993–94; 1995–96; 1999–00; 2000–01
Coppa Italia: 9 (record).
Winners: 1937–38; 1941–42; 1958–59; 1959–60; 1964–65; 1978–79; 1982–83; 1989–90; 1994–95
Runners-up (4): 1972–73; 1991–92; 2001–02; 2003–04
Supercoppa Italiana: 4
Winners: 1995; 1997; 2002; 2003
Runners-up (3): 1990; 1998; 2005
Serie B: 1
UEFA Champions League (former European Cup): 2
Winners: 1984–85; 1995–96
Runners-up (5): 1972–73; 1982–83; 1996–97; 1997–98; 2002–03
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup: 1
UEFA Cup: 3 (record).
Winners: 1976–77; 1989–90; 1992–93
Runner-up (1): 1994–95
UEFA Intertoto Cup: 1
European Super Cup: 2
Winners: 1984; 1996
Intercontinental Cup: 2
Winners: 1985; 1996
Runners-up (1): 1973
Club statistics and records
Main article: Juventus F.C. statistics and records
Gaetano Scirea holds Juventus' official appearance record, having made 552 over the course of 14 seasons from 1974 to 1988. Giampiero Boniperti holds the record for Serie A appearances with 444. Of the current squad Alessandro Del Piero has the most official appearances with 519 (as of August 2007).
Including all competitions, Alessandro Del Piero is the all-time leading goalscorer for Juventus, with 230 goals -as of 16 February 2008- since joining the club in 1993. Giampiero Boniperti, who was the all-time topscorer since 1961 comes in second in all competitions with 182, but is still the top league goalscorer for the Old Lady as of June 2007.
In the 1933–34 season, Felice Placido Borel II° scored 31 goals in 34 appearances, setting the club record for Serie A goals in a single season. Ferenc Hirzer is the club's highest scorer in a single season with 35 goals in 26 appearances in the 1925–26 season (record of Italian football). The most goals scored by a player in a single match is 6, which is also an Italian record. This was achieved by Omar Enrique Sivori in a game against Inter in the 1960–61 season.
The first ever official game participated in by Juventus was in the Third Federal Football Championship, the predecessor of Serie A, against FBC Torinese; Juve lost 0–1. The biggest ever victory recorded by Juventus was 15–0 against Cento, in the second round of the Coppa Italia in the 1926–27 season. In terms of the league; ACF Fiorentina and US Fiumana were famously on the end of the Old Lady’s biggest championship wins, both were beaten 11–0 and were recorded in the 1928–29 season. Juventus' heaviest championship defeats came during the 1911–12 and 1912–13 seasons; they were against Milan in 1912 (1–8) and Torino Calcio in 1913 (0–8).
The Old Lady holds the record for the most goals in a single season, in the top flight of Italian football, this includes national league, national cup and European competition, with a total of 106 goals in the 1992–93 season. The sale of Zinédine Zidane to Real Madrid of Spain from Juventus in 2001, set the current world football transfer record for the most expensive deal, costing the Spanish club around £46 million.
Contribution to the Italian national team
For more details on this topic, see Italian national football team.
Overall, Juventus is the club that has contributed the most players to the Italian national team in its history, they are the only Italian club that has contributed players to every Italian national teams since the 2nd FIFA World Cup. Juventus have contributed numerous players to Italy's World Cup campaigns, these successful periods principally have coincided with two golden ages of the Turin club’s history, referred as Il Quinquennio d’Oro (The Golden Quinquennium), from 1931 until 1935, and Il Ciclo Leggendario (The Legendary Cycle), from 1972 to 1986.
Below are a list of Juventus players who represented the Italian national team during World Cup winning tournaments;
1934 FIFA World Cup (9); Giampiero Combi, Virginio Rosetta, Luigi Bertolini, Felice Borel, Umberto Caligaris, Giovanni Ferrari, Luis Monti, Raimundo Orsi and Mario Varglien
1938 FIFA World Cup (2); Alfredo Foni and Pietro Rava
1982 FIFA World Cup (6); Dino Zoff, Antonio Cabrini, Claudio Gentile, Paolo Rossi, Gaetano Scirea and Marco Tardelli
2006 FIFA World Cup (5); Fabio Cannavaro, Gianluigi Buffon, Mauro Camoranesi, Alessandro Del Piero and Gianluca Zambrotta
Two Juventus players have won the golden boot award at the World Cup with Italy; Paolo Rossi in 1982 and Salvatore Schillaci in 1990. As well as contributing to Italy's World Cup winning sides, two Juventus players Alfredo Foni and Pietro Rava, represented Italy in the gold medal winning squad at the 1936 Summer Olympics. Three bianconeri players represented their nation during the 1968 European Football Championship win for Italy; Sandro Salvadore, Ernesto Càstano and Giancarlo Bercellino.
Juventus have also contributed to a lesser degree to the national sides of other nations. Zinédine Zidane and captain Didier Deschamps were Juventus players when they won the 1998 World Cup with France, making the total number of Juventus World Cup winners 24, more than any other club around the world. Three Juventus players have also won the European Football Championship with a nation other than Italy, Luis del Sol won it in 1964 with Spain, while the Frenchmen Michel Platini and Zidane won the competition in 1984 and 2000 respectively.
Juventus Football Club as a company
Since 1947, during Giovanni Agnelli's period in charge, Juventus Football Club has been a joint stock company (Società per Azioni in Italian language)and since 3 December 2001 the torinese side is listed on the Borsa Italiana. Currently, the Juventus' shares are distributed between 60% to IFIL Investments S.p.A, the Agnelli family's holding (a company of the Giovanni Agnelli & C.S.a.p.a Group), 7.5% to Libyan Arab Foreign Investment Co. and 32.5% to other shareholders.
Along with Lazio and Roma, the Old Lady is one of only three Italian clubs quotated in Borsa Italiana (Italian stock exchange). According to The Football Money League published by consultants Deloitte, in the season 2005–06, Juventus was the third highest earning football club in the world with an estimated revenue of €251.2 million.
Shirt sponsors and manufacturers
Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1979–1981 Kappa Ariston
1995–1998 Sony / Sony Minidisk
1998–1999 D+Libertà digitale / Tele+
1999–2000 CanalSatellite / D+Libertà digitale / Sony
2000–2001 Ciao Web / Lotto Sportal.com / Tele+
2001–2002 Lotto FASTWEB / Tu Mobile
2002–2003 FASTWEB / Tamoil
2004–2005 Sky Sports / Tamoil
2007–present New Holland (belongs to FIAT)
Football in Italy
Italian football champions
FIFA Clubs of the 20th Century
International club competition records
UEFA competition records
European Cup and Champions League records and statistics
Richest football clubs
Stadio Motovelodromo Umberto I
^ a b Or Madama in Piedmontese dialect.
^ a b Stadio delle Alpi is undergoing structural changes according to Stadium Project. juventus.com. Retrieved on 6 February 2006..
^ a b The name "Juventus" is a literal license in Piedmontese dialect of the Latin substantive iuventus (youth in English language).
^ a b c Juventus building bridges in Serie B. fifa.com. Retrieved on November, 2006..
^ a b Up until 1929, the top division of Italian football was the Federal Football Championship; since then, it has been the Serie A.
^ a b Record for Italian football. The other Italian main clubs, Milan and Inter, have won a total of 45 and 30 official titles, respectively.
^ a b c d European team profiles: Juventus F.C.. uefa.com. Retrieved on 26 December 2006..
^ a b c d List of the official clubs' cups and tournaments recognized by the Union of European Football Associations. uefa.com. Retrieved on 15 December 2006..
^ a b Only Milan (with 18 titles), Boca Juniors (17) and other three clubs: Independiente, Real Madrid (both with 15) and Al-Ahly (12) have won more official international titles.
^ a b Up until 2004, the main FIFA football competition for clubs was the Intercontinental Champions Club' Cup (so called European / South American Cup); since then, it has been the FIFA World Club Championship.
^ a b The major European competitions are the European Champion Clubs' Cup (or simply European Cup), the (now-defunct) UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup and the UEFA Cup. In the aggregate, the fact to win these three trophies is also known as the "Grand Slam", a feat achieved by only other two clubs since the triumph of the Old Lady in 1985: Ajax Amsterdam in 1992 and Bayern Munich in 1996.
^ "A new stadium for a great Juve". juventus.com. Retrieved on 6 February 2006..
^ "Juve's Delle Alpi conundrum". Channel4.com. Retrieved on 12 February 2008..
^ "History of Juventus", MagicaJuventus.com, 8 June 2007.
^ "La Storia della Juventus - 1897-1900", JuventusStory.it, 8 June 2007.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Modena, Panini Edizioni (2005). Almanacco Illustrato del Calcio - La Storia 1898-2004.
^ "La Storia della Juventus - 1905", JuventusStory.it, 8 June 2007.
^ "Football Derby matches in Italy", FootballDerbies.com, 29 June 2007.
^ a b c "Presidenti", JuventusStory.it, 8 June 2007.
^ a b c "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or")", RSSSF.com, 8 June 2007.
^ "Del Piero is the hero again", International Herald Tribune, 8 June 2007.
^ a b c Campionato Serie A - Albo D'oro. Lega Calcio. Retrieved on August, 2007.
^ "Paolo Rossi (Italy)", Planet World Cup, 8 June 2007.
^ Quote from UEFA Chief Executive Lars-Christer Olsson in 2004, uefa.com
^ "Juventus - Stadio Delle Alpi", Football.co.uk, 8 June 2007.
^ "Lippi stands down as Italy coach", TurkishPress.com, 8 June 2007.
^ "Juventus Wins European Cup Final on Penalties", Herald Tribune, 8 June 2007.
^ "United's glorious comeback", BBC.co.uk, 8 June 2007.
^ "Juventus", European Cup History, 8 June 2007.
^ Gianluigi Buffon at UEFA
^ "Italian trio relegated to Serie B", bbc.co.uk, 14 July 2006. Retrieved on 2006-14-07.
^ "Del Piero: 500 times Juve!", Channel4.com, 8 June 2007.
^ "Ranieri appointed Juventus coach", BBC News, 2007-06-04. Retrieved on 2007-06-04.
^ "Juve's open letter to FA: 'Enough!'", Channel 4, 2008-02-24. Retrieved on 2008-02-24.
^ a b c Article "Black & White", Notts County F.C. official website, 21 May 2007. Extracts taken from the Official History of Notts County and article kindly reproduced by the Daily Mail.
^ The zebra is the official Juventus’ mascot because the black and white vertical stripes in its present home jersey and emblem remembered the zebras’ stripes.
^ "Research: Supporters of football clubs in Italy", La Repubblica official website, August 2007. (Italian)
^ a b "Juventus Football Club S.p.A: Objectives and Strategies", Juventus.com, October 2007.
^ "Napoli: Back where they belong", FIFA official website, 2007-06-22.
^ "Juventus Club DOC Toronto "Roberto Bettega"", Canadian Fan Club, 2007-06-08. (italian)
^ "Juventus Club Boston", American Fan Club, 2007-06-08.
^ "Juve "Vero Amore" Supporters Club", Maltese Fan Club, 2007-06-08. (italian)
^ "Juventus Club San Marino", San Marinian Fan Club, 2007-06-08. (italian)
^ "Juventus Club Londra", English Fan Club, 2007-06-08.
^ "Iranian Juventus Fan Club", Iranian Fan Club, 2007-06-08.
^ "Gruppo Greco Juventus", Greek Fan Club, 2007-06-08.
^ "Juventus Club Israel", Hebrew Fan Club, 2007-06-08.
^ "Juventus Fan Club in Vietnam", Vietnamese Fan Club, 2006-06-08.
^ "Centro Coordinamento Juventus Club DOC", Juventusclubdoc.it. (Italian)
^ "Supporters by region", calcioinborsa.com. (Italian)
^ "Italian Ultras Scene", View from the Terrace, 2007-06-09.
^ "Juve chief: Let’s beat Inter", Channel4.com, 2007-06-08.
^ First Team Roster 2007-2008. Juventus FC. Retrieved on 2007-07-11.
^ "Allenatori Storia", ForzaJuve.org, 25 July 2007.
^ World Clubs All-time ranking. rsssf.com. Retrieved on 26 December 2006.
^ The 2004–05 and 2005–06 Italian League championship titles were stripped as consequence of the 2006 Serie A scandal.
^ Up until 1992, the European football’s premier club competition was the European Champion Clubs' Cup; since then, it has been the UEFA Champions League.
^ The European Inter-Cities Fairs Cup (1958–1971) was a football tournament organized by foreign trade fairs in European seven cities (London, Barcelona, Copenhagen, and others) played by professional and –in its first editions- amateur clubs. Along these lines, that’s not recognized by the Union of European Football Associations. See: History of the UEFA Cup. uefa.com. Retrieved on August, 2006..
^ The UEFA Super Cup 1985 final between the Old Lady and Everton, 1984–85 Cup Winners' Cup winners not played due to the Heysel Stadium disaster. See: History of the UEFA Super Cup. uefa.com. Retrieved on August, 2006..
^ "Alessandro Del Piero", MyJuve.it, 23 August 2007.
^ "Giampiero Boniperti playing records", MyJuve.it, 8 June 2007.
^ "Alessandro Del Piero playing records", MyJuve.it, 8 June 2007.
^ "Zidane - symbol of Real's dream", BBC.co.uk, 9 July 2001.
^ Italian national team: J-L Italian club profiles. Italian national team records & statistics. Retrieved on November, 2006..
^ Juve players at the World Cup. juventus.com. Retrieved on 7 July 2006..
^ "Italian National Team Honours - Club Contributions", Forza Azzurri, 8 June 2007.
^ "European Championship 1968 - Details Final Tournament", RSSSF.com, 8 June 2007.
^ "European Championship", RSSSF.com, 8 June 2007.
^ "Juventus F.C. S.p.A", Funding Universe, 8 June 2007.
^ (Italian) "IPO: Juventus Football Club", Borsa italiana official website, 31 March 2007.
^ "IFIL Portfolio Structure", IFIL Investments S.p.A official website, 31 March 2007.
^ "IFIL in the Agnelli Group", IFIL Investments S.p.A official website, 31 March 2007.
^ a b (Italian) "Borsa italiana profiles: Juventus Football Club (.PDF Archive)", Borsa italiana official website, 31 March 2007.
^ "Real Madrid stays at the top", Deloitte UK, 8 June 2007.
^ "Juventus: facts, figures", Juventuz.com, 8 June 2007.
Serie A • 2007-08 clubs v • d • e
Atalanta • Cagliari • Catania • Empoli • Fiorentina • Genoa • Inter • Juventus • Lazio • Livorno
Milan • Napoli • Palermo • Parma • Reggina • Roma • Sampdoria • Siena • Torino • Udinese
Italian Football Championship seasons
1898 • 1899 • 1900 • 1901 • 1902 • 1903 • 1904 • 1905 • 1906 • 1907 • 1908 • 1909
1909-10 • 1910-11 • 1911-12 • 1912-13 • 1913-14 • 1914-15 • 1919-20 • 1920-21
1921-22 (C.C.I.) • 1921-22 (F.I.G.C.) • 1922-23 • 1923-24 • 1924-25 • 1925-26
1926-27 • 1927-28 • 1928-29
Serie A seasons
1929-30 • 1930-31 • 1931-32 • 1932-33 • 1933-34 • 1934-35 • 1935-36 • 1936-37
1937-38 • 1938-39 • 1939-40 • 1940-41 • 1941-42 • 1942-43 • 1944 • 1945-46
1946-47 • 1947-48 • 1948-49 • 1949-50 • 1950-51 • 1951-52 • 1952-53 • 1953-54
1954-55 • 1955-56 • 1956-57 • 1957-58 • 1958-59 • 1959-60 • 1960-61 • 1961-62
1962-63 • 1963-64 • 1964-65 • 1965-66 • 1966-67 • 1967-68 • 1968-69 • 1969-70
1970-71 • 1971-72 • 1972-73 • 1973-74 • 1974-75 • 1975-76 • 1976-77 • 1977-78
1978-79 • 1979-80 • 1980-81 • 1981-82 • 1982-83 • 1983-84 • 1984-85 • 1985-86
1986-87 • 1987-88 • 1988-89 • 1989-90 • 1990-91 • 1991-92 • 1992-93 • 1993-94
1994-95 • 1995-96 • 1996-97 • 1997-98 • 1998-99 • 1999-00 • 2000-01 • 2001-02
2002-03 • 2003-04 • 2004-05 • 2005-06 • 2006-07 • 2007-08
Members of G-14 v • d • e
Ajax • Arsenal • FC Barcelona • Bayer Leverkusen • Bayern Munich • Borussia Dortmund • PSV Eindhoven • Internazionale • Juventus • Liverpool • Manchester United • Milan • Lyon • Marseille • Paris Saint-Germain • FC Porto • Real Madrid • Valencia
Founding Members of the ECA v • d • e
A.C. Milan • AFC Ajax • Barcelona • Bayern Munich • Birkirkara • Chelsea • F.C. Copenhagen • F.C. Porto • Juventus • Manchester United • NK Dinamo Zagreb • Olympiacos • Olympique Lyonnais • Rangers • Real Madrid • R.S.C. Anderlecht
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